Report of the Working Group on
Governance addresses the education system’s
ability to meet its expectations and solve problems within its structure.
Governance is essentially structure and control: What officials or entities
should be making and carrying out what decisions, and within what structures?
To answer these questions, the goals of the education system must be clearly
articulated. The goals then provide a basis for the configuration of structures
and the designation of responsibilities and decision-making authority.
The Governance Working Group recommended
improvements in the structure of education governance to meet three
Employing student achievement as the measure of
Improving accountability—a clear delineation of
responsibilities and consequences.
Ensuring coordination between K-12 and postsecondary
education, and between and among the University of California, California State
University, and California Community
Accountability to California’s citizens for the
operations of K-12 public education at large, and ultimate responsibility for
the delivery of education to California’s K-12 public education students
in particular, should both reside in the office of the Governor.
The Governor should appoint a Chief State Schools Officer, to carry out, on
behalf of the Governor, the following functions: establishing learning
expectations, providing an accountability system of measurement (including
specific technical assistance), and apportioning resources, and to serve as the
Director of the Department of Education. (A minority position within the
Group favored continuing to have an independent elected office responsible for
The Governor should be accountable for all state-level
K-12 education agencies.
The separate executive director and staff of the State
Board in the Department of Education should be eliminated.
The State Board of Education members should be drawn
from and represent distinct geographical regions, and the functions of the State
Board should be limited to policy
A state-level inquiry, organized independent of
currently existing agencies, should examine county offices and regional entities
and their ability to meet current and emerging district, intermediate, and
regional needs, including fiscal oversight, academic oversight, and management
and administrative assistance. After this inquiry is performed and reported, the
Master Plan should incorporate a corresponding course of
A report of all pertinent research to date should be
compiled regarding the effects of district and school size and structure on
curriculum articulation, service coordination, and accountability at the site
and district level. After this inquiry is performed and reported, the Master
Plan should incorporate a corresponding course of action.
An examination of collective bargaining should be
undertaken to determine the extent to which bargaining agreements may constrain
the ability of school districts to ensure the provision of essential
non-personnel resources to students. The results of this examination should be
used to determine an appropriate strategy to ensure that all districts set aside
sufficient resources to meet state standards before engaging in bargaining for
use of public resources for personnel
Community Colleges (CCC)
The California Community College system’s main
missions, by level, should be: state level, transfer; regional and local levels,
workforce preparation; and local level, remediation.
The responsibilities of the Board of Governors and
local boards should be defined as the
Board of Governors:
- Exercise general supervision over, and coordination
of, the local community college districts.
- Provide leadership and direction through research and
- Establish minimum conditions and standards to be
required for all districts to receive state support and to function within the
- Establish specific accountability measures and assure
evaluation of district performance based on those measures.
- Approve courses of instruction and educational
programs that meet local, regional, and state needs.
- Administer state operational and capital outlay
- Adopt a proposed system budget and allocation
- Ensure system-wide articulation with other segments of
- Represent the districts before state and national
legislative and executive agencies.
- Establish, maintain, and oversee the colleges within
- Assure the district meets the minimum conditions and
standards established by the Board of Governors.
- Establish policies for local academic, operations, and
facilities planning to assure accomplishment of the statutory mission within
conditions and standards established by the Board of Governors:
- Adopt local district budgets.
- Oversee the procurement and management of
- Establish policies governing student
- Establish policies to guide new course development,
course revision/deletion, and curricular
A state assessment should be conducted on the value of
and need for restructuring of local districts with attention to the size and
number of colleges in a district, as well as the scope of authority that should
be assigned to each district. Should this assessment find restructuring
valuable and desirable, incentives should be provided to encourage
The CCC Board of Governors should have the same degree
of flexibility and authority as that of CSU/UC, including the authority to
appoint/approve senior staff to the Board of
Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC)
CPEC should be configured as follows:
- The Governor should appoint its membership, for
- The commission should continue to appoint its
- There should be a civil service exemption for staff
(parity with the structure of CSU).
- The mission should be to provide policy and fiscal
advice that represents the broad public interest, planning for coordination,
program review, and new campus approval.
The Master Plan should be adopted by the
Legislature as a template from which to formulate legislation and regulatory
policy and thereby reduce the number of bills considered each
The responsibility for K-16
coordination should be assigned to the
An independent agency should be
identified to collect K-16 data, including cross-segmental and cross-level
To provide a firm legal basis for a
sphere of local control, consideration should be given to amending the state
constitution to permit local districts to adopt limited “home rule”
authority through votes of their electorates in a manner similar to that long
permitted for cities and